How To Configure Static IP Address in CentOS 7 / RHEL 7

Setting up the network and bringing servers into the network is the primary administration task for any system administrator.

In some cases, these tasks are automated using DHCP (Dynamic Network Configuration Protocol) which takes care of assigning IP Address to Desktop/Servers.

READ: How To configure DHCP server on CentOS 7, Ubuntu 18.04 & Debian 9

But, if you go to the bigger organizations, they use static (manual) IP to avoid network issues due non-availability of DHCP servers.

Configure Static IP Address in CentOS 7 / RHEL 7

Let us configure our system for the following information.

IP Address: 192.168.1.10
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway (Router): 192.168.1.1
DNS Server 1: 192.168.1.1
DNS Server 2: 8.8.8.8
Domain Name: itzgeek.local

Find the available network interfaces on your system

You can use any one of the below commands to list down the available network interfaces on the system.

ifconfig -a

OR

ip a

Choose the desired network interface

The output of ifconfig -a may look like below. Here, I wish to change the IP address of enp0s3.

enp0s3: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 inet 192.168.1.7 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 192.168.1.255 inet6 fd50:1d9:9fe3:1400:a00:27ff:fe98:676 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x0 inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe98:676 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x20 ether 08:00:27:98:06:76 txqueuelen 1000 (Ethernet) RX packets 2997 bytes 3497708 (3.3 MiB) RX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 frame 0 TX packets 1487 bytes 135487 (132.3 KiB) TX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 carrier 0 collisions 0 lo: flags=73<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING> mtu 65536 inet 127.0.0.1 netmask 255.0.0.0 inet6 ::1 prefixlen 128 scopeid 0x10 loop txqueuelen 0 (Local Loopback) RX packets 0 bytes 0 (0.0 B) RX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 frame 0 TX packets 0 bytes 0 (0.0 B) TX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 carrier 0 collisions 0

Configure the Static IP Address

Method 1

In this method, we will edit the network interface file found under /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ directory. For interface enp0s3, the file name would be ifcfg-enp0s3.

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-enp0s3

Update the interface file as per the requirement.

HWADDR=08:00:27:98:06:76
TYPE=Ethernet
# Static IP Address #
BOOTPROTO=none
# Server IP #
IPADDR=192.168.1.10
# Netmask #
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
# Default Gateway IP #
GATEWAY=192.168.1.1
# DNS Servers #
DNS1=192.168.1.1
DNS2=8.8.8.8
DEFROUTE=yes
IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL=no
# Disable ipv6 #
IPV6INIT=no
# Device Name #
NAME=enp0s3
DEVICE=enp0s3
# Optional – This is system specific and can be created using ‘uuidgen enp0s3’ command #
UUID=02d4a47b-3dbe-4e0b-ae4b-841a8c58e807
# Activate on Boot #
ONBOOT=yes
# Default Domain Search #
DOMAIN=itzgeek.local

Method 2

You can also use nmtui, a text-based user interface for configuring network interfaces.

You would need to install NetworkManager Text User Interface yum install NetworkManager-tui package for the nmtui tool.

nmtui

Select Edit a connection and press Enter.

Configure Static IP Address in CentOS 7 - Edit a connection
Configure Static IP Address in CentOS 7 – Edit a connection

Choose the network interface and then Edit.

Configure Static IP Address in CentOS 7 - Choose the network interface
Configure Static IP Address in CentOS 7 – Choose the network interface

Set the IP Address and enter OK.

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Configure Static IP Address in CentOS 7 - Configure Static IP Address
Configure Static IP Address in CentOS 7 – Configure Static IP Address

Restart Network

Finally, restart the network service using the following command to have these changes take effect.

systemctl restart network

Verify Static IP Address

Use ifconfig -a command to verify the static ip address.

enp0s3: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 inet 192.168.1.10 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 192.168.1.255 inet6 fd50:1d9:9fe3:1400:a00:27ff:fe98:676 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x0 inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe98:676 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x20 ether 08:00:27:98:06:76 txqueuelen 1000 (Ethernet) RX packets 55 bytes 6637 (6.4 KiB) RX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 frame 0 TX packets 84 bytes 12745 (12.4 KiB) TX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 carrier 0 collisions 0 lo: flags=73<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING> mtu 65536 inet 127.0.0.1 netmask 255.0.0.0 inet6 ::1 prefixlen 128 scopeid 0x10 loop txqueuelen 0 (Local Loopback) RX packets 0 bytes 0 (0.0 B) RX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 frame 0 TX packets 0 bytes 0 (0.0 B) TX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 carrier 0 collisions 0

Also, verify the DNS server entries.

cat /etc/resolv.conf

Output:

# Generated by NetworkManager
search itzgeek.local
nameserver 192.168.1.1
nameserver 8.8.8.8

Conclusion

That’s All. I hope you have learned how to configure a static IP address on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7.

Posted by Linux Admin